The Luxembourg state is a representative democracy in the form of a constitutional monarchy.

The Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg is a sovereign state; it has been independent since the London Convention of April 19, 1839. This parliamentary democracy, however, is distinguished by a particularity: for the time being, it is the only Grand-Duchy worldwide.

The organization of the Luxembourg state is based on the principle of distributing the different functions among different organs.

The legislative power rests upon the joined action of the Parliament (« Chambre des Députés »), the government and the State Council.
The constitutive organ of the executive power consists of the Grand-Duke and the government and its responsible members.
The law courts and tribunals are charged by the Constitution with the execution of the judiciary power and are independent.